Where the Heck is My Prince Charming?

In 2009, the Disney Princess Collection generated a revenue of $50 billion dollars. From tiaras to bedroom furnishings, young girls have the ability to reinvent themselves into their own version of a princess.[1] This desire is not only perpetrated by young girls. Many adult women also desire the perfect fairy tale.

In 1981 Colette Dowling released her book, The Cinderella Complex: Women’s Hidden Fear of Independence. After four years of research and traveling around the United States, Dowling made a startling discovery. She discovered that the majority of women she interviewed wished to be saved by a man. Some women blatantly sought a prince to take care of them while others expressed undertones of it.  Dowling named this discovery “The Cinderella Complex.” Defined as a psychological and personal dependency, the Cinderella Complex is “a network of largely repressed attitudes and fears that keep women in a half-light, retreating from the full use of their minds and creativity.” Women who suffer from this complex are Cinderellas waiting for their prince or external circumstances to transform their lives. [2] Although this definition emerged in the early 1980s, it still prevails today. Through romance novels and fairy tales, women are taught that external forces can change their lives despite their own independence.

Yet, there are new trends emerging in fairy tales. New retellings recast women as their own agents. No longer does the prince pick his princess, princesses are now choosing their own prince, casting off the prince for another princess, or simply forgoing a prince while they blaze their own trail. Regardless, most new retellings feature some element of the traditional fairy tale. Heather Tomlinson points out that fairy tales are not cut and dry, but rather offer authors the opportunity to fashion their own retelling. This include exploring darker elements or telling the story from another character’s viewpoint. However, all fairy tales hope for one thing: a happily ever after.

YOUNG ADULT BOOK

16030663   Far Far Away by Tom McNeal

In all honesty I can’t believe that it took me over a year to read this book. A teen librarian placed this book directly into my hands and said, “You must read this book. It is so different from any YA book I have read.” I of course blew her off and waited an entire year to read it.

Jeremy Johnson Johnson, yes there are two Johnson’s in there, has always been different.  He can hear voices of the dead, specifically the voice of Jacob Grimm. As an outcast of Never Better, Jeremy is used to being on his own. His mother left town suddenly and never looked back. Devastated, Jeremy’s father locked himself in the house and hasn’t seen the light of a day in years. On his own, Jeremy tries to maintain his family’s one-book bookstore by working jobs in the summer. However, Jeremy’s quiet and secluded life is interrupted when Ginger Boultinghouse comes barreling in. Ignoring Jacob Grimm’s voice, Jeremy soon finds himself in the village’s spotlight and in a grim fairy tale of his own.

I thought this was one of the best young adult books I have read in a while. The fluidity of the sentences immerses the reader within the story. It was like melted butter for the eyes, and unlike Seraphina, the text did not become tedious. Furthermore, the character development is superb. Each character’s voice was very distinct, particularly the bakers.  I also loved the originality of the plot within the fairytale context. Can you name five original young adult plots on one hand under one minute? Some claim that the plot is fairly predictable, but what fairy tale ending isn’t?

What really stood out to me in this book was the traditional fairy tale elements. Grimm is like a fairy godmother in the story. He protects Jeremy to a certain degree and offers advice. Jeremy can listen to Grimm or ignore him. Another really interesting fairy tale element is the lack of a mother. Take a moment and think about all the different fairy tales and their retellings. Who is always missing from the storyline? The mother. If a mother is present, she is normally in the form of a stepmother or a distant character. I question how the plot might have differed if McNeal would have broken tradition and made the father who took off suddenly and made the mother the recluse.

I would still highly recommend this book to both adults and young adults. Even now as I write this review and hold the book, I feel that the words are waiting to be discovered again.

Adult Book

13982 The Fairy Godmother (Five Hundred Kingdoms #1) by Mercedes Lackey

I’m not going to lie I kind of like this cover. A co-worker thought it was horrendous, but I am a sucker for pretty colors. It was also one of the first books to pop up in my research for adult fairy tale fiction, and the premise sounded promising.

Elena Klovis is a dead ringer for Cinderella.

  • She has the evil stepmother and stepsisters. Check.
  • She is beautiful. Check.
  • Has a godmother. Check.
  • Has a prince……He is 12 years old. Uncheck.

Realizing that her situation is not the ideal fairy tale, Elena has two options: continue to live to utter misery until her stepmother returns or become a fairy godmother for the land. Godmother it is.

Under the guidance of Madame Bella, Elena quickly learns the godmother trade and is soon given her own kingdom, where she must manage the kingdom’s fate, deal with virgin-seeking unicorns, and handle a stubborn prince.

The most fantastic element of this book is Lackey’s spin on it. I enjoyed the realistic approach that everyone’s happily after is not supposed to happen perfectly. She also does a splendid job of mixing traditional elements with modern themes. Details, such as virginity, that conventionally hold higher value is just a mere ideal. However, the romance killed me in this book. It was a wham, bam, thank you ma’am romance.  My largest complaint was Prince Alexander’s character development.

From the  beginning he is an ass and Elena turned him literally into an ass, hoping that Alexander would learn some humility. It is very evident that Alexander does not think highly of woman or those beneath his royal status, as he initially refuses to do any sort of work. He eventually develops a more noble personality and even rescues a young maiden from another knight, whereas only few short months ago he would have demanded his share of this girl. It just wasn’t believable.

I do believe that the series will appeal to young adults who enjoy their fairy tales, despite its misgivings. Lackey eventually explores other fairy tales and mythology.

Recommendations

11235712 Cinder (The Lunar Chronicles #1) by Marissa Meyer

The first book in the series, The Lunar ChroniclesCinder merges the traditional fairy tale of Cinderella with a futuristic and science fiction setting.

Living in New Beijing, Cinder, a cyborg, tries to survive her living situation by working as a mechanic for her stepmother. However, Cinder’s life is soon thrown into upheaval by the entrance of Prince Kai, a mysterious illness that is plaguing the residents of New Beijing, and the reveal of Cinder’s past.

82751 Chinese Cinderella: The True Story of an Unwanted Daughter by Adeline Yen Mah

This is technically the juvenile/YA version of Adeline Yen Mah’s Falling Leaves: The Memoir of an Unwanted Daughter. I have read both books, but I prefer Chinese Cinderella. The storyline was a tad bit tighter and kept my attention. Falling Leaves felt a bit more scattered.

I would recommend this book to all those who enjoy an authentic Cinderella story. The book has your evil stepmother and siblings, and the injustice that normally befalls the Cinderella character.

17412780  Princesses Behaving Badly: Real Stories From History Without the Fairy-Tale Endings by Linda Rodriguez McRobbie

Princesses are not only for fairy tales. In Princesses Behaving Badly Linda Rodriguez McRobbie explores true tales of royal women throughout the ages. Some women were brave and fearless while others became political pawns for their families. Most did not get happy endings. This is a fun history book without the heaviness of a typical non-fiction book.

Other Recommendations

Some Kind of Fairy Tale by Graham Joyce

Till We Have Faces by C.S. Lewis

Cruel Beauty by Rosamund Hodge


[1] Peggy Orenstein, Cinderella Ate My Daughter (New York: HarerCollinsPublishers, 2011), 11-13.

[2] Colette Dowling, The Cinderella Complex: Women’s Hidden Fear of Independence (New York: Summit Books, 1981), 1-31.

Give me a L.G.B.T.Q. Book!!!

Last semester, I had to complete a collection assessment in a library of my choice. Knowing that most of my classmates were going to pick libraries in the surrounding area, I decided to pick my childhood library, a library deep in the heart of Texas. My chosen theme: LGBTQ.

My first task was to find three reputable sources to assist me with analyzing the collection. I picked Cooperative Children’s Book Center’s (CCBC) bibliography, “Gay and Lesbian Themes and Topics in Selected Children’s and Young Adult Books,” the Rainbow Project Committee’s “2013 Rainbow list,” and the “Sexuality” chapter from Liz Knowles’ and Martha Smith’s Understanding Diversity Through Novels and Picture Books. With a combined list of 213 notable LGBTQ books, I was sure that I would face some challenges, but nothing prepared me for the results I was about to uncover.

Out of 213 books, this particular library, which shall not be named, only had 8 books of LGBTQ. Yes, you read that right: 8 books. This is a whopping 3.76% of the 213 book list. To make matters worse, the newest addition to the collection was published in 2008. I checked recently and they had added one more book since I last looked at their collection. The newest addition, Homosexuality, is from the Opposing Viewpoint series. Based on these statistics, they definitely have not developed a bisexual or transgender collection. This is extremely distressing when an estimated 9 million adults are openly LGBTQ in the United States. However, this statistic does not include the adults and young adults who have not chosen to openly declare their sexuality.[1]

Providing literature representative and inclusive of the LGBTQ community is even more imperative. Forty-two percent of LGBTQ youth report living in communities that do not accept their lifestyles, while 92% of LGBTQ report hearing and seeing negative messages about their lifestyles.[2] Alexander F. Parks goes one step further and pushes libraries to openly book talk LGBTQ literature and not just put them on the shelves.

He argues that many libraries expect young adults to find these books on their own, but if libraries were to openly book talk excellent LGBTQ books, we could open new and exciting avenues of exploration.[3] I would further argue that libraries should book talk not just young adult books, but adult books too.  By providing access to LGBTQ literature, libraries remain committed to offering free and non-discriminatory access for all, while sending the message of freedom to read.

YOUNG ADULT BOOK

11595276 The Miseducation of Cameron Post by Emily M. Danforth

My fingers have been tingling with anticipation for this book for a while. I was extremely excited that I finally found an excuse to sit down and read The Miseducation of Cameron Post.  A fellow teen librarian touted the book as a contemporary Annie on My Mind, but with more mature themes. I have never read Annie on My Mind, but I have read other LGBTQ coming-of-age books. With how much praise this book had been receiving when it first came out, I was expected to be blown away. Sadly, I ended up walking away feeling like this book could have had 200 pages eliminated.

Admittedly, the book started off fairly well for me. Danforth introduces us to Cameron, a young girl growing up in small town Miles City, Montana during the 1990s. We read how Cameron begins to explore her sexuality with her best friend, Irene, during one summer. However, Cameron feels severe guilt when her parents die in a car accident on the same day that Irene and she share a kiss. She soon finds relief that they will never find out what she did. As the years progress, Cameron finds herself exploring her sexuality on different occasions, until one day she develops an intense and powerful relationship with the new girl, Coley Taylor. This comes to a crashing halt when Cameron’s sexuality is revealed to the town and she is sent to a camp that “fixes” people like Cameron.

I guess I was expecting a little more drama with the book. I don’t mind quiet books, I actually think some of the most beautiful books are “quiet” novels. However, the book jacket of this book made me believe there was going to be a little more excitement – surviving in Miles City and an ultra religious aunt who wants to “fix” Cameron. I actually thought that this book could have taken place anywhere and the aunt did not have to be defined as ultra religious.  I actually thought the aunt was someone who embraced her religion wholeheartedly and she responded to Cameron’s sexuality with what I am assuming was a response held, and still held by many today, in a conservative small town. This was a time when Exxodus International was the largest sexual reorientation organization in the world. I do want to iterate that I am NOT assuming this a belief held by all conservatives during this time.

Besides what I deem a misleading book jacket, I felt the book tended to drag in certain places. I understand that Danforth was trying to develop Cameron’s experiences, but I just got bored. The most exciting part, for me, was the relationship with Coley and Cameron. Whoo! Get me a fan, THAT was a romance. It was steamy and made the reader anticipate where it was going next.  And then, Cameron is “discovered” and sent off to God’s Promise: Residential Discipleship Program.  Some other readers have claimed that this is where Cameron finally discovers herself, but I saw it as more of her finding her community. The thing is, I was still bored.

For a Forever Young Adult book club, The Miseducation of Cameron Post raises good questions. Readers could argue whether Cameron ever truly discovers herself, if the relationship between Coley and Cameron was a true romance or lust, and they can argue the plot itself.

ADULT BOOK

12875258Tell the Wolves I’m Home by Carol Rifka Brunt

I ADORED this book. This has to be one of my absolute favorite reads this season. When I was researching potential LGBTQ books that would be good cross-overs for teens, Tell the Wolves I’m Home kept coming up. A 2013 Alex Award, Tell the Wolves I’m Home does not disappoint.

In 1987, fourteen-year-old June Elbus has just lost her beloved uncle and godfather, Finn, to AIDS. Living with a mother who will not acknowledge the cause of Finn’s death, and a sister who seems determined to make her feel even more forlorn, June’s only solace is the last painting that Finn painted of her and her sister, Greta. This all changes when June receives a mysterious package  containing the teapot that Finn treasured. June soon learns that the mysterious sender is Toby, unbeknownst to June, Finn’s significant other. Forging a new friendship, June tries to understand and navigate the complexities of human emotions.

What I appreciated  most about this book was the character focus. Although there is a LGBTQ theme, it was not the sole focal point. The focal point, for me, was how one man and his death interwove multiple people’s lives; how a teenage girl must learn to deal with not only the loss of her favorite person, but her unresolved romantic feelings for an uncle; A lover who is trying to reach out to the only person who understood Finn the way he did; A sister dealing with emotions of jealousy and being pushed into adulthood too soon; and a mother, who is not only dealing with the loss of a brother and best friend, but decades of buried emotions. This book encompasses the life of a man who happened to be gay, but shows the power of human connections.

Another reviewer mentioned that one should listen to Mozart’s Requiem before you read the novel. I would suggest that you listen to it afterwards. I listened to it several weeks after reading the book and I could still place the powerfulness of the book with the music. I immediately thought this would be a fantastic indie movie, if done correctly.

Adults and young adults will both enjoy this book. It has a little coming-of-age feel, while also looking at how to face the past, and coming to terms with who you are. Every single character presents something to the reader.

Read this book. Savor this book. Weep with this book.

Recommendations

6017769 The Vast Fields of Ordinary by Nick Burd

I read this book in 2009 when it was first published, and I remember loving it. I still recommend it to people today. It is definitely a coming-of-age LGBTQ book.

Dade is spending his last summer before college trying to make the best of a crappy situation. Not officially “out,” Dade has to learn how to deal with a “boyfriend” who still has a girlfriend, his parent’s marriage bordering on divorce, and a new love interest who comes barreling into his life. With a strong realistic approach, despite Dade being gay and male, the reader will connect emotionally with him.

13532208 Born This Way: Real Stories of Growing Up by Paul Vitagliano

This is a great and fun read. Showing people from the 1940s to present day, the book gives intimate snippets into people’s lives as they reveal their own stories of growing up gay. If you would like to continue to explore these snippets, the book is based off the blog, Born This Way.

17261129Freakboy by Kristin Elizabeth Clark

Told in verse, Freakboy alternates between three narrators. Brendan, the all-American boy, who feels like he is in the wrong skin. Vanessa, Brendan’s girlfriend, who is dealing with an emotionally distant boyfriend while trying to savage the relationship that has now consumed her life, and Angel, the transgender female, who helps other face their fears after conquering her own struggles and fights. Freakboy offers a pinprick of insight into the impact of sexual identity.

Other Recommendations 

Fun Home by Alison Bechdel

Golden Boy by Abigail Tarttelin

Boy Meets Boy by David Levithan

Ash by Malinda Lo

Freak Show by James St. James


[1] Gates, Gary J., How Many People Are Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender? The Williams Institute, http://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/Gates-How-Many-People-LGBTQ-Apr-2011.pdf (accessed March 3, 2013).

[2] “Growing Up LGBTQ in America: View Statistics,” Human Rights Campaign, http://hrc.org/youth/view-statistics#.UV3z5avwLXE (Accessed March 3, 2013).

[3] Parks, Alexander F. “Opening the Gate: Booktalks for LGBTQ Themed Young Adult Titles.” Young Adult Library Services 10.4 ( Summer 2012): 22–27. Professional Development Collection, EBSCOhost (accessed March 3, 2014).

Double, Double, Boil and Trouble.

Almost 20 years ago J.K. Rowling released her first book, Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone (Philosopher’s Stone for all those people outside the U.S).  What was so transcendental about Harry Potter was the book’s appeal to everyone. Boys, girls, young and old wanted to immerse themselves in the world of Harry Potter. Although the last book was published in 2009, Harry Potter and Hogwarts still enthrall new readers every day. However, Harry Potter is not the fantasy character to introduce readers to fantastical fantasy worlds.

Blurring the lines between reality and the unfathomable, fantasy fiction has a rich history dating centuries ago. From Homer’s Odyssey to J.R. Tolkien’s The Hobbit, fantasy books continue to captivate readers of all ages. Authors, publishers, teachers, and researchers have been fascinated in the continuing success of fantasy literature. A prevailing belief is, as said in author’s Tamora Pierce’s words, “Fantasy creates hope and optimism in readers. It is the pure stuff of wonder.”[1] Fantasy fiction invites its readers into new worlds where almost anything can happen. These worlds not only appeal to the young but also adults.

In the recent years, more and more adults are gravitating to children and young adult fantasy books.  Mike Cadden, a professor of English, along with Sandra Beckett, a professor of  French, believe that children and young fantasy books are appealing to adults because they present a “traditional, well-wrought, and unified story” making them great cross-over books for multiple generations.[2] Seeking these elements, I wanted to discover how well two books would cross-over for young adult and the adult crowd.

YOUNG ADULT BOOK

Seraphina Seraphina by Rachel Hartman

Set in the mythical Kingdom of Goredd, Seraphina introduces an imaginative and intelligent world where dragons and humans live among one another. With the ability to transform into human form, dragons attempt to maintain a 40-year peace treaty by living within the stipulations imposed on them. Raised by the dragon, Orma, Seraphina has learned to balance her relationships between dragons and humans. Taught in the draconian ways, Seraphina lacks the prejudices of the dragon-kind that are held by the humans in Goredd. As the assistant to the royal music master, Seraphina quietly attempts to dispel any dangerous myths about the dragons with the young heirs of the kingdom. However, Seraphina has her own secret, a secret that may eventually cost her life. Yet, when member of the royal family is killed, Seraphina must not only try to help maintain peace but preserve her life.

This book was so delicious…at first. I wanted to absorb every word and the mere idea of skimming was unthinkable; the vocabulary was so rich and I would most likely miss an important element. Hartman’s Kingdom of Goredd is definitely not your traditional young adult fantasy world, where the reader only glimpses a small portion of the fantasy world. In Seraphina, Hartman reveals a world with multiple layers. Introducing several characters (note to future readers: there is a glossary to keep all of them straight), Hartman has created and spun a world so magical that readers can re-read this book several times and notice something new and exciting.

Alas, I am in the minority of those who didn’t love this book. Many people complained about the slow start, whereas I thought the beginning held the most excitement for me. When Hartman talks about the dragons parading through the streets of Goredd with their teeth bared as a sign of friendliness, I was sold. Then, the book became tedious for me. The rich vocabulary and the multiple characters made me feel like I was wading through mud. By the last 50 pages, I felt like my brain was just numb. However, I was interested to see how Warren-Newport’s Forever Young Adult Book Club thought of it.

Book Club Perspective

Seraphina was the first book that I read for a Forever Young Adult book club (FYA). To help me further grasp why and how adults are gravitating towards young adult books, I have decided to attend two different FYA book clubs. One FYA is at my current library, Zion-Benton Public Library, and the other, Warren-Newport Public Library, is about twenty-five minutes away from Zion.

For February, Warren-Newport decided to read Seraphina. Zion read the book back in 2013 and I was unable to attend, so I was excited to see what complete strangers had to say about the book.

Overwhelming consensus: LOVED IT. There was an adult male participant, who apparently had disliked every book the book club had read up to this point, until he started reading Seraphina. When he started reading Seraphina, he tracked down the book club leader and told her how much he was loving it. The book club also outlined the reasons why they loved this book:

  1. The world-building. The adults loved how they could read a paragraph and re-read it and find something new. Some mentioned that they could envision this world, not just from Seraphina’s viewpoint. Our book club leader mentioned that Hartman had originally taken the traditional route of a very focused view-point and her editor wanted to her to expand her world. It took her over 9 years to finish writing Seraphina. It definitely shows! For those anticipating her sequel, Shadow Scale, it comes out March 2015. Apparently, her publisher is willing to work with her writing style. Kudos to her!
  2. The one complaint was having to keep track of all the characters. Some participants likened it to the Game of Throne series, but they realized that this comes with a world-building fantasy world. One librarian, who had read the book first and then listened to it, mentioned that she preferred the audio, as the narrator did all the different voices, allowing her to keep all the characters straight. You also get some music with the audiobook.
  3. They loved the love theme. This is one of the few young adult books that does not have a vomit-inducing romance. Seraphina and her love-interest are realistic about their situation. Seraphina also does not “lose” herself in the romance and continues being a strong character.                                        Hartman also introduces the great love concept of how do you react when the person you love is someone completely different. Can you ever really know the person you love? I believe we talked about this theme for a good 15 minutes.
  4. The adults also thought the book was relatable to the modern reader. Seraphina must deal with an appearance that she cannot change. When she attempts to change herself, it makes the reader cringe. Everyone agreed that we all have features we would like to change but cannot.
  5. However, almost everyone agreed that they thought the book was well written. There were a few, like me, who thought it became tedious, but the majority thought it was a winner. Take my viewpoint with a grain of salt.

Adult Book

Discovery A Discovery of Witches by Deborah Harkness

While Seraphina introduces readers to a high-fantasy world with dragons, Deborah Harkness introduces her readers to a fantasy that happens in modern times.

Double, double, boil and trouble, witches, wizards and a vampire, OH MY!

Noted historian, Diana Bishop is not your average scholar. Descended from a long line of powerful witches, Diana actively shuns her heritage and refuses to participate in the magical world. Until one day, she accidentally opens a bewitched and highly desired manuscript. Her world is soon spilling over with witches, wizards, vampires, and daemons seeking the manuscript. Trying to navigate this new territory, Diana soon gains a helping hand and an alliance with a 15,000 year old vampire, Matthew Clairmont, as she begins to learn about her own powers while battling evil forces.

This book was recommended to me by several librarians, so I thought it would be a fitting cross-over book for young adults. Touted as a sensual and contemporary Twilight series, A Discovery of Witches would definitely appeal to Twilight lovers. However, unlike Twilight, Harkness adds more depth to her characters.

Diana Bishop is descended from a strong bloodline of witches. I personally wanted to know where her story went. Matthew Clairmont is a 15,000 year-old vampire whose personal history and library will have historians drooling. Bishop’s aunts are a hoot and a half. However, the characters could also be very Twilight-esque.

Diana is a Yale professor. She is a strong and independent woman. Then, all of a sudden a 1500 year-old vampire turns her into a delicate flower. It doesn’t help matters that he entered into her apartment, without her permission, and she is completely cool with it! I don’t know how many woman would be like, “Oh, you were in my house without me! Awesome, let’s date!!!”

Matthew also has some very Edward tendencies. He is fiercely protective of Diana and forbids her from participating in certain activities. He is also the one that has sexual restraint while Diana is clamoring to get his clothes off. Of course, it doesn’t happen until he has marked her as his own.

While I bash these characteristics of the book, these are the traits that are going to appeal to the young adult Twilight fans. However, be forewarned that the love relationship in this book is much more steamy than Twilight. 

Recommendations

Print Soulless by Gail Carriger

With the supernatural ability to steal someone’s soul with one touch, Alexia Tarabotti’s lack of soul is the least of her worries. With England’s vampires disappearing and the blame placed upon her, Alexia must not only solve the mystery with the devilish handsome werewolf, Lord Maccon, but fend off her mother’s constant banter of her doomed spinsterhood.

This is a completely fun read. Alexia Tarabotti is not your classical beautiful heroine, but her spunky nature will have readers’ laughing.

3236307 Graceling by Kristin Cashore

Graceling is a book that I read almost five years ago and I still recommend it to young adults and adults, alike. Katsa has a Grace, the Grace to kill a man with her bare-hands. Working for her Uncle, the King, Katsa is forced to use her skill for her Uncle’s whims until she meets Po and forces herself to understand her own identity while solving a kingdom’s mystery.

Graceling has a strong female character who shuns love. Some might say there is raging feminist theme, but I enjoyed a book that challenged the norm. This is a great book for discussion.

11532961 Witches: The Absolutely True Tale of Disaster in Salem by Rosalyn Schanzer

Finding a nonfiction book that deals with fantasy was like finding a needle in a haystack. I then put on my thinking brain on and thought about the Salem Witch Trials.

In Witches: The Absolutely True Tale of Disaster in Salem Rosaylyn Schanzer presents her reader with chronological facts that are normally ignored when discussing the trials. No longer in black and white, the trials are shown the many shades of gray. In the end Schanzer allows her reader to make up his/her mind.

Other Recommendations 

Sookie Stackhouse Series by Charlaine Harris

The Girl of Fire and Thorn by Rae Carson

Interview With the Vampire by Anne Rice


[1] Cart, Michael. “Carte Blanche: Suspending the Old Disbelief, by Michael Cart.” Booklist. http://www.booklistonline.com/ProductInfo.aspx?pid=6140143&AspxAutoDetectCookieSupport=1 (accessed March 10, 2014).

[2] Cadden, Mike. “All is Well: The Epilogue in Children’s Fantasy Fiction.” Narrative 20, no. 3 (October 2012): 343-356. Literary Reference Center, EBSCOhost(accessed February 15, 2014).